Answered By: Timothy Grasso
Last Updated: Sep 08, 2020     Views: 362

If you are searching for the title of a particular reference work online, the first place to search is the online library catalog. Almost all of our electronic reference works have a record and link in the catalog to the particular database where it is housed. 

To find the electronic version of a reference work, search the library catalog by title, then:

  1. Click on the eBook menu on the left. The search result will now only display eBooks.
  2. Click on the title of the book.
  3. Click the "View eBook" link. 
  4. If you access off-campus, you will be prompted to provide your Fuller ID user name and password.

You can either read the book on screen by clicking on eBook Full Text or read on your computer using Adobe Digital Editions (ADE). ADE is available for free download at

Many eBook sites, such as EBSCO and ProQuest will ask you to create a personal account and login in order to download an eBook.

If you would like to browse available online reference works, the best way to do this is through our electronic databases page. Almost all of the databases containing major reference works in biblical studies/theology can be found under the Biblical Studies filter category. Below you will see a list of the relevant databases and a brief description of their contents:

  1. Credo Reference database indexes full text articles from over 1000 general reference works, including 50+ reference works on Christianity. Major titles include: the Cambridge Dictionary of Christian Theology, Encyclopedia of Protestantism, Dictionary of the Theological Interpretation of the Bible, Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, the IVP Bible Dictionary Series, and the Routledge and Blackwell Religion Companions. 
  2. Oxford Reference database incudes 44 Oxford University Press reference works (25 specifically on religious studies) totaling over 380,000 articles. You can browse individual reference works or search the articles of multiple reference works at the same time.
  3. Hermeneia collection includes most volumes of the highly regarded and long running Hermeneia Biblical Commentary series.
  4. Oxford Handbooks Online (Religion) contains over 40 handbooks with more than a thousand authoritative essays and articles on critical topics and emerging issues in religion. Some of titles include: The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies, The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies, The Oxford Handbook of Evangelical Theology, and the Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science. 
  5. Cambridge Companions Online includes complete series of Cambridge Companions to Philosophy and Religion, 217 titles, along with an additional 380 titles of Cambridge History Companions. You also have access to the main database called Cambridge Core that includes other Cambridge eBooks. You can search your subject and use the "collection" filter to limit it to the companions if desired.
  6. Ministry Matters In terms of reference, this database contains the New Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible and Bible commentary, along with the New Abingdon New and Old Testament Commentaries. 
  7. Encyclopedia of Religion Online presents a cross-cultural approach that emphasizes religion’s role within everyday life and as a unique experience from culture to culture. The original 2,750 entries have been retained, many heavily updated, and approximately 600 entirely new articles have been added by an international team of scholars and contributors. It's based on 15 volumes of print edition: Lindsay Jones (editor), 2nd ed., published in 2005 by Macmillan Reference USA.
  8. Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception Online (EBR) renders the current state of knowledge on the origins and development of the Bible in its different canonic forms. At the same time, EBR also documents the history of the Bible's reception in Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and other religious traditions, as well as in literature, art, music, and film. It is edited by a team of international scholars, all experts in their fields, and currently comprises 14 v.'s; updated with new articles quarterly. 

Many of the current main biblical language lexicons, such as BDB, BDAG, HALOT, etc., are not available online. A notable exception, however, is the Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek-English lexicon. We also have electronic access to some classic 19th century lexicons that are now in the public domain.